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In a first-ever census of mangrove pitta birds carried out in two coastal districts of Odisha, 179 such birds were sighted. Mangrove pitta birds are a nearly threatened species found in few pockets of eastern India, including Odisha’s Bhitarkanika and West Bengal’s Sundarbans.


  • The mangrove pitta (Pitta megarhyncha) is a species of passerine bird in the family Pittidae native to the eastern Indian Subcontinent and western Southeast Asia.
  • It is part of a superspecies where it is placed with the Indian pitta, the fairy pitta and the blue-winged pitta but has no recognized subspecies.
  • A colourful bird, it has a black head with brown crown, white throat, greenish upper parts, buff underparts and reddish vent area.
  • Its range extends from India to Malaysia and Indonesia. It is found in mangrove and nipa palm forests where it feeds on crustaceans, mollusks and insects.
  • Its call, sometimes rendered as wieuw-wieuw, is sung from a high perch on a mangrove tree.
  • The mangrove pitta is native to the countries of: Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, and Thailand (primarily the west coast of the southern Thai peninsula).
  • Its natural habitat is specialised and restriction to subtropical or tropical mangrove forests and Nipa palm stands.
  • It is threatened by habitat loss. Its diet consists of crustaceans, mollusks and terrestrial insects.




Source: https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/first-ever-census-finds-179-mangrove-pitta-birds-in-two-coastal-odisha-districts/article66747445.ece