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Why in news?

Recently, A National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) carried out a survey to measure the number of people capable of writing computer programs/Codes in the country.

More on news:

  • There are more young men and women in South India who can write computer programs using specialised languages, or code, than in other parts of the country.
  • This was revealed in the “multiple indicator survey” conducted by the National Sample Survey Office, under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
  • The survey’s purpose is to keep track of India’s progress on various Sustainable Development Goals. The survey report was released earlier this month as part of the NSS’s 78th round; the survey period was from January 2020 to August 2021.
  • Specifically, 9.8% of people aged 15-29 in Kerala — the highest in India — were adept at programming, followed by Sikkim (6.8%), Tamil Nadu (6.3%), Karnataka (6.2%), Telangana (5.7%) and Andhra Pradesh (4.2%). The States near the bottom of the table included Bihar (0.5%), Chhattisgarh (0.7%), Assam (0.7%), and Meghalaya (0.2%).
  • R.L. Narayana, chairman, Information Technology Association of Andhra Pradesh Investments Committee, attributed the presence of the large States of Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Telangana near the top of the table to literacy rates, the presence of IT hubs such as Bengaluru and Hyderabad, and the availability of skilled young professionals.
  • However, Andhra Pradesh with Tier-2 cities Visakhapatnam should not be compared to States such as Karnataka and Tamil Nadu because they don’t have “equal standards.
  • The survey assessed programming skills in nine levels, from “copy or move a file or folder” to “write a computer program using a specialised programming language”. The figures are based on self-reported answers to each question.
  • Across India, 2.4% of people aged 15-29 reported being able to code, and 1.4% of all people older than 15 years. The fraction was higher in urban (5.2%) than in rural India (1.3%), and similarly higher among men (3%) than women (1.8%).




Source: https://epaper.thehindu.com/ccidist-ws/th/th_delhi/issues/28661/OPS/G3KB0690K.1+G35B06EJ5.1.html